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Raising Steam Terry Pratchett. Jingo Terry Pratchett. Maskerade Terry Pratchett. The Shepherd's Crown Terry Pratchett. Thief Of Time Terry Pratchett. The Fifth Elephant Terry Pratchett. Review Text "'Not since Evelyn Waugh's novel Officers and Gentlemen has conflict faced such thoroughly cutting questioning A great piece of writing, akin to Jonathan Swift'" show more. Review quote "'Not since Evelyn Waugh's novel Officers and Gentlemen has conflict faced such thoroughly cutting questioning About Terry Pratchett Terry Pratchett was the acclaimed creator of the global bestselling Discworld series, the first of which, The Colour of Magic, was published in In all, he was the author of over fifty bestselling books.

His novels have been widely adapted for stage and screen, and he was the winner of multiple prizes, including the Carnegie Medal, as well as being awarded a knighthood for services to literature. He died in March Rating details. Book ratings by Goodreads. Goodreads is the world's largest site for readers with over 50 million reviews. Polly finds her brother alive and well and they return home to The Duchess with Shufti, who joins Polly in her refusal to be subjugated on the basis of her gender and marital status.

The other members of the regiment go on to lives that they would not have been able to consider before their emancipation, Igorina opening a gynaecology clinic on the basis that many women would prefer to see a female practitioner. Sometime later, despite the peace they had desperately fought for, conflict breaks out again. Polly, having received correspondence from Sgt Jackrum, leaves the inn to seek new ways to fight a war using the experience she gained and finds herself in the role of commander of boy-impersonating females who are marching off to war.

The name 'Borogravia' is an obvious takeoff on any of the former Soviet Union satelite states that became independent when that country collapsed. Mouldovia by combining Mould and Moldavia now Moldova and Borogravia by combining Belgravia the affluent area of London or Belgrade the capital of the former Yugoslavia and Borogoves from the Lewis Carroll poem the Jabberwocky. For someone who disliked Lew Carroll's books, Pratchett certainly makes reference to them often. The troll who charges extra if crossing his bridge with a billy goat is an obvious reference to the fairy tale, "The Three Billy goats Gruff".

Pratchett uses this reference often in his books; trolls being a natural for guarding bridges and not being big fans of billy goats butting them off bridges. Usually it was a border dispute, the national equivalent of the complaining that the neighbour was letting his hedge grown too long. It is a reference to arguments between neighbours leading up to violence, which had become a growing problem in Britain around the time the novels were written. In , The national support network for feuding neighbours, Hedgeline - the Campaign for the Control of Problem Hedges of All Species in Residential Areas of the UK - had paid-up members and estimated , Britons were locked in hedge wars with neighbours at any one time.

At the time Pratchett was writing this novel there had been one hedge related murder and there have been subsequent ones. The folk songs that Polly Perks learned as a child from listening to her father and his mates late at night are well known folk songs about war: The 'The World Turned Upside Down' was played at Cornwallis' surrender to Washington during the American Revolution and is a reoccurring theme in the novel. So early next morning she softly arose, And dressed herself up in her dead brother's clothes.

She cut her hair close, and she stained her face brown, And went for a soldier to fair London Town. The other two songs are likely made up by Pratchett although both have probably roots in real songs; 'Colonel Crapski' turns a slang word for "shit"s into an appropriately Slavic sounding name, "Crap" being something which the army would dish out in large doses. When asked by Corporal Strappi if she knows who they are, she replies, "The 10th Foot, sir Known as the 'Ins-and-Outs, sir", The Ins and Outs are a take off on the pre British Army regiment, the 69th Foot, who were known as the "Ups-and-Downs" because it mostly consisted of old veterans and raw recruits.

Pratchett's use of the name "Ins and Outs" is an obvious male sexual reference made more humorous and ironic because the regiment is, over the course of the novel, revealed to be entirely female. Later in the novel the reader is told about the other regiments; the Side to Sides and the Backwards and Forwards. The line, "A man sits in some museum somewhere and writes a harmless book about political economy [ Marx' book was obviously not harmless, leading as it did to the Russian Revolution.

When Vimes meets Clarence Chinny he asks if he was a good fighter in school which is a reference to the line "taking it on the chin" or "leading with your chin", two boxing terms. Clarence responds that he was good at the yard dash, the reference being, leaning into the finish line tape with your chin -the first thing to cross the finish line. The religious zealotry expressed in '[ Nuggan first appeared in The Last Hero as a short and irritable god; a perfect candidate for someone with a Napoleonic complex, his power on the wane.

His various proscriptions from banning everything from the colour blue to barking dogs to babies carries his zealotry to a ridiculous extreme - not much different from some of the edicts of fundamentalist Islam or Christianity. Vimes says, "any national anthem that starts with 'awake' is going to lead to trouble. O Lord our God, arise, Scatter our enemies, And make them fall; Confound their politics, Frustrate their knavish tricks; On thee our hopes we fix: God save us all. National anthems, almost without exception, make reference to victories over enemies and rising up to become free - not surprising given that is usually how a nation is formed.

Polly tells the recruiting Sergeant that she is "seventeen come Sunday". This is a reference to an old English folk song where a soldier meets and has a sexual encounter with a young girl who is "seventeen come Sunday". The Sergeant says, "Give him the shilling, corporal.

Vimes' "clever ruse" of disguising his troops as washerwomen to gain entrance to the castle resonates with Kenneth Grahame's Wind in the Willows where Toad escapes from prison disguised as a washerwoman. Pratchett ridicules this idea in The Last Hero as well.

Later on when Polly forgets to do the Lieutenant's laundry and Maladict and Polly discover that Shufti is a woman, Maladict comments to Polly that "the way things are going around here, Igor's probably a washerwoman in disguise. The Borgravian army wears a "[ While red was an ideal color for helping to identify soldiers of the same "side" in an era where soldiers fought in massed lines in the open, it was not ideal when guerilla warfare was introduced as it made an ideal target. Khaki and camouflage uniforms were then introduced. Polly remarks on the colour of her uniform for blending in when challenged on picket duty, "Colour sarge!

I'm wearing bleedin' red and white in a bleedin' grey forest, sarge! The vampire, when being recruited says "you can call me Maladict" which is both a play on the name 'Benedict' and on the word 'maledict', which means "accursedness or the act of bringing a curse" 'mal' meaning 'bad' in French combined with 'edict' meaning a 'proclamation'. It is also a play on the words 'mal' and 'adict' bad addict which Maladict is when deprived of her coffee later in the novel.

Maladict says "I, of course, don't drink Pratchett uses this in Carpe Jugulum as well.

Klikk & Hent

This line, immortalized by Bela Legosi, with the dramatic pause before the word 'wine', appeared in many subsequent movie versions of Dracula, down to the Francis Ford Coppola remake Bram Stoker's Dracula. It originally came from the Hamilton Deane stage play Dracula which was popular in New York in the s. Black Ribbons are worn by those vampires who have signed the pledge of the League of Temperance and have sworn to become "B-total", an obvious take off on the Women's Christian Temperance League which was immensely popular in the early s and whose members swore off alcohol rather than blood.

The concern regarding the Duchess being dead and the intermarriage of the nobility throughout the discworld bears a striking similarity to Europe in the 19th Century where every royal house was interrelated by marriage which causes serious health problems among children - haemophilia for one. In addition, Queen Victoria remained in mourning for Prince Albert after his death, wearing black for the rest of her life, just like the Duchess. The recruitment pamphlet from the Mothers of Borogravia has parallels to the activities of such women's patriotic organizations as the "Daughters of the American Revolution".

The unknown person in the privy says, "is this the escucheon of the grace the Duchess I see in front of me? Well it won't be in front of me for long! Pratchett has combined this with a quote attributed to composer Max Reger: "I am in the smallest room of the house. I have your review in front of me.

Soon it will be behind me. The Line, "Don't ask, don't tell. The long-standing prohibition on homosexuals serving in the armed forces was re-examined in the s, however social conservatives were strongly opposed to any softening of the prohibition. The compromise that was eventually reached was labelled "don't ask, don't tell". The administration of the military was not allowed to ask a recruit or soldier his or her sexual orientation, but revealing it to be homosexual or bisexual was still grounds for discharge.

The compromise was widely ridiculed by all sides, but has been upheld five times in the federal court. Carborundum, the Troll's drink, "the Electrick Floorbanger" has its roots in the Roundworld drink the 'Harvey Walbanger' the s cocktail made of vodka, Galliano and orange but it also sounds like a take off on the drinks in the Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy such as the "Pan-Galactic Gargleblaster".

It contains silver and copper metal in some kind of vinegary acidic electrolyte which would produce an electric current between the silver and copper and make a battery. Corporal Strappi says, "You're in the army now! Father Jupe's name is takeoff on the fact that famous officers or infamous ones often lent their names to articles of clothing. Cardigan and Raglan, two of the infamous leaders in the Charge of the Light Brigade lent their names to types of sweater and sleeves respectively.

The same can be said for Lieutenant Blouse, the regiment's leader whose name comes from the the British slang expression "a big girl's blouse" which means a 'wimp'. He says that officers lend their names to clothing or food or sometimes get both - the latter a reference to Beef Wellington and the Wellington boot , named after the British General who defeated Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo.

In this case it is General Froc who has a coat and Beef Froc named after him.

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In a double twist, the women all put socks down their fronts to look the male part - the socks substituting for cocks. And it's one, two, three, What are we fighting for? Don't ask me, I don't give a damn, Next stop is Vietnam; And it's five, six, seven, Open up the pearly gates, Well there ain't no time to wonder why, Whoopee!

At the end of the novel, Jackrum uses the same line when he tells Polly that he is retiring. When the recruits go to bed and are chatting about Corporal Strappi, Maladict says, " Dream that when we go into battle, Corporal Strappi is leading us From the earliest times of conflict and war, troops have always found ways of disposing of detested officers on the battlefield.

This culminated in the Vietnam War where officers were 'parachuted' in and out of the regiments and companies and didn't have as much connection to their men as in previous wars where they were all together for the long haul. The practice of 'fragging' became relatively common during that war - where a fragmentation grenade hence the name was 'misthrown' killing the problem officer and left no ballistic evidence like a bullet in the back did.

There were over suspected and confirmed cases of fragging during that war. The front line then draws swords and engages as standard infantry while the ranks behind them keep advancing with their pikes extended to drive the enemy back. In a cavalry charge, the rows of pikemen would try to injure the horses or rider and disrupt the charge, standing as a phalanx or wall in a tightly packed series of rows.

The Borogravian pike may be the "tool formerly used for lifting beets" referred to in the National Anthem. Corporal Scallot explains that when he and his mates were starving they resorted to cannibalism by eating each others' legs "fair is fair, he ate mine," he says. Shortly after, when Shufti is making dinner, Scallot says that they "could have done with you at Ibblestarn. The sarge was a good man but a bit, you know, tough in the leg? Lieutenant Blouse has several volumes of miltary strategy in his room.

The fact that Borogravia is using paper currency "'[ There are classic Roundworld cases of economies collapsing and the paper currency of the country becoming worthless. The Zlobenian cavalry dark blue uniforms are similar to those of Prussia and of the United States during the late 19th century. The line, " We have met the enemy and he is nice? However, no one remembers the original quote now and Pratchett and most readers would be probably thinking of the Walt Kelly quote "We have met the enemy, and they are us", which came from his comic strip Pogo , during the Vietnam War years.

Later Jackrum repeats a variation on this line when he says, "We have met the enemy and we have prevailed. That was a fluke. The Zlobenians call the Borogravians beeteaters and the Borogravians call the Zlobenians turnipheads. These kinds of insults are typical during war and peacetime to denegrate and dehumanize the other side. Pommies, Krauts, Cheeseheads, Spaghettis, Macaronis, to name a few. When Jackrum resigns to beat the prisoner and then rejoins, Corporal Scallot asks him if he would like to "Osculate the Doxie?

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  4. New recruits kiss the picture of the duchess when they join up and take the shilling. The Duchess is mistress to all. From Latin osculatus, past participle of osculari to kiss. Ullman and James P. Wade to describe a strategy of overwhelming dominance of an opponent and which was used by the USA in its invasion of Iraq; the words almost immediately becoming a household phrase throughout the world. The line about the "Road to perdition" comes from Albert Einstein: "The road to perdition has ever been accompanied by lip service to an ideal. When Vimes uses the hawk to intercept the carrier pigeon, Angua says to him, "So you're not actually waylaying field reports from the Times , then, sir?

    The hawk has obviously been trained by Hamish from The Wee Free Men, because it responds to being used as an airplane in the same way as in that novel. When all the regiment's personal stuff is stolen, Jackrum says, "Pinching from your mates is a hanging offence If I find out someone's been at it, I'll swing from their heels! Friends of the victim would ensure a less prolonged suffering death by hanging off them to increase the weight and pressure on the neck to ensure that they strangled quickly.

    Equally there was always a chance that the strangling might not work and the victim might survive. Swinging from their heels ensured they would truly die. She always seemed more animated near a fire, Polly noticed. At the end of the novel, she returns to the school to burn it to the ground. Polly says, " Lieutenant Blouse has trouble putting the halter on his 'stallion' and Polly comes to his aid saying, "You've got the waffles twisted and the snoffles are upside down".

    In addition, Blouse's stallion which is named after General Tacticus' horse Thalecephalos, is really a mare - another female in disguise in the regiment. The line " I'm lonesome since I crossed the hill " is another reference to one of the songs Polly learned from her father and friends as a child mentioned before - 'The Girl I Left Behind Me'. Wazzer says that "[ Wazzar says, "I am to take command of the Army. Wazzer hears the voice of the Duchess. This foreshadows Wazzar's role later in the novel in terminating the war and also gives a very large hint that the Duchess is not alive anymore.

    Burley and Stronginthearm cross bow makers are an obvious reference to Vickers and Armstrong the British arms manufacturer who made machine guns among other things during WWI. It is also a pun on the concept of the bow being "burly and Strong in the Arm" and therefore a man's weapon - very macho - like all the ads for guns portray. The prisoner, Sergeant Towering, says, "I heard from one of my men that one of you kicked him in the meat-and-two-veg. This is a common theme in the army - male sexual prowess, etc which is made more humorous because no one in the regiment is in fact a male, except Lieutenant Blouse.

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    The reference being that it was the lord's "prerogative" to legally have sexual relations with subordinate women on their "wedding night". There is no evidence of the right being exercised in medieval Europe, and all known references to it are from later time periods so there is considerable doubt that it is anything more than a legend. It is a common literary device however. This is a reference to the constant theme during the Cold War of "First use of nuclear weapons".

    Pratchett's mention of "Lord Rust's regiment" gives the reader a good clue as to what is happening with and to the Ankh-Morport troops. His style is described very unflatteringly thoroughly in Jingo and Night Watch so the reader knows his troops are going to fare badly. The line, "One, Two, Three! What We Are Fighting For!